Technical Equipment

 

You will find the equipment of the institute for Characterization and Materials Synthesis with specifications, applications and contact persons.

 

Instruments for Characterization

 

Diffractometer D500

Diffractometer D500 Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Siemens
Type Diffractometer D500
Technical features CuKα1, focussing primary monochromator, single scintillation detector, typical measurement time: 12 hours
Application Powder diffraction
Contact Dr. Lars Peters
 

Diffractometer D5000

Diffractometer D5000 Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Siemens
Type Diffractometer D5000
Technical features CuKα1,2, Eulerian cradle, xyz-stage, single scintillation detector
Application Texture
Contact Dr. Lars Peters
 

Diffractometer D8

Diffractometer D8 Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Bruker AXS
Type Diffractometer D8 Advance
Technical features CuKα1,2, 9x sample changer for high-throughput, “LynxEye”-semiconductor-strip-detector. Typical measurement time < 60min
Application Powder diffraction
Contact Dr. Lars Peters
 

Diffractometer PW1050

Diffractometer PW1050 Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Philips
Type Diffractometer PW1050 (MOPS)
Technical features CuKα1,2, secondary monochromator, single scintillation detector, typical measurement time: 12 hours
Application Analysis of powder samples, especially with fluorescent phases
Contact Dr. Lars Peters
 

Diffractometer PW1820

Diffractometer PW1820 Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Philips
Type Diffractometer PW1820 (PEAK)
Technical features CuKα1,2, secondary monochromator, single scintillation detector, typical measurement time: 12 hours
Application Analysis of powder samples, especially with fluorescent phases
Contact Dr. Lars Peters
 

Diffractometer X'Pert Pro

Diffractometer X'Pert Pro Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Philips
Type Diffractometer X'Pert Pro (MILIDI)
Technical features CuKα1,2, Ni filter, position sensitive detector with 2° width, Tmin = 8 K, Tmax = 1073 K, typical measurement time: 1 hour
Application Powder diffraction, flat samples and capillaries, high (up to 1070 K) and low temperatures (down to 10 K)
Contact Dr. Lars Peters
 

Diamond-Anvil Cells

Diamond-Anvil Cell Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Hans Ahsbahs (Marburg, Deutschland)
Type

Diamond anvil cells:

(1) modified Merrill-Bassett

(2) modified Boehler-Almax

Technical features P ≤ 10 GPa, T = 298 K
Application High-pressure single-crystal and powder diffraction on the IPDS-I and IPDS-II diffractometers
Contact Dr. Andrzej Grzechnik
 

Boehler-Almax Diamond-Anvil Cell

Boehler-Almax Diamond-Anvil Cell Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Almax Industries bvba (Diksmuide, Belgium)
Type Boehler-Almax diamond anvil cell
Technical features P ≤ 20 GPa, T = 298 K
Application High-pressure single-crystal and powder diffraction on the IPDS-I and IPDS-II diffractometers
Contact Dr. Andrzej Grzechnik
 

Diffractometer IPDS II

Diffractometer IPDS II Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer STOE
Type

Diffractometer IPDS II

Technical features Two-circle diffractometer, MoKα1,2, image-plate detector, 2θmax = 77°,
dmin = 0,57 Å, Tmin = 90 K, Tmax = 323 K, high pressure
Application Single-crystal and powder diffraction
Contact Dr. Lars Peters
 

Diffractometer HEiDi

Diffractometer HEiDi Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Single-crystal diffractometer at the hot source of the FRM II: HEiDi

Technical features

Neutrons with
wave lengths 0,3 Å < λ < 1,4 Å,
sample temperatures 3 K < T < 1100 K

Application Structure analysis, hydrogen bonding, static and dynamic disorder, harmonic and anharmonic thermal displacements, twinning, magnetic structures and ordering, structural and magnetic phase transitions, incommensurate structures
Contact Dr. Martin Meven, MLZ Garching
 

Diffractometer POLI

Diffractometer POLI Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Single-crystal diffractometer with polarized neutrons POLI

Technical features

Polarized/non-polarized neutrons with
wave lengths 0,55 Å < λ < 1,15 Å,
max. neutron flux > 2·107 n/cm2/s,
sample temperatures:
polarized 0,4 K < T < 420 K,
non-polarized 0,05 K < T < 2100 K,
magnetic field 0 - 8 T,
electric field 0 - 10 kV;
spherical neutron polarimetry

Application Crystal structure analysis under extreme conditions: very high/low temperatures, magnetic/electric fields, pressure; phase transitions.
Investigation of complex magnetic structures and domains.
Determination of magnetic form factors, spin densities and local magnetic anisotropies.
Contact Dr. Vladimir Hutanu, MLZ Garching
 

DTA

DTA Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Netzsch
Type

Jupiter STA 449 F3

Technical features TG-DTA/DSC measurements between
100 K and 1500 K
Application

Thermal analysis

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

X-ray Topography Camera

X-ray Topography Camera Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Rigaku
Type

X-ray topography camera

Technical features X-ray diffraction from a rotating anode generator
Application

Mapping of lattice distortions in single crystals 0,5 -10 cm in diameter and
0,2 - 5 mm in thickness

Contact

Prof. Helmut Klapper

 

Optical Microscope

Optical Microscope Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Nikon
Type

Optical microscope with a hot stage and a camera

Technical features Temperature range 25°C – 200°C
Application

Sample preparation, optical studies of phase transitions

Contact

Angelika von Berg

 

Instruments for Materials Synthesis

 

Air Thermostats

Air Thermostats Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Air thermostats

Technical features Crystal growth from solutions and melts between room temperature and 100°C
Application

Ferroelectrics like X(H,D)2PO4, X = K (KDP), Rb, Tl; super-ionic conductors like M3H(SO4)2, M = NH4 +, K+

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Water Thermostats

Water Thermostats Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Lauda
Type

Water thermostats

Technical features Crystal growth from solutions and melts between room temperature and 100°C
Application

Ferroelectrics like X(H,D)2PO4, X = K (KDP), Rb, Tl; super-ionic conductors like M3H(SO4)2, M = NH4 +, K+

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Optical Floating Zone Furnace

Optical Floating Zone Furnace Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Crystal Systems Inc.
Type

Optical floating zone furnace (mirror furnace) FZ-T-10000-H-II-V3

Technical features Containerless zone melting to 2000°C, O2 partial pressure
Application

Crystal growth, e.g., superconducting La2-xSrxCuO4+δ; low-dimensional cuprates Ca1-xYx)4Cu5O10; olivine Co2SiO4

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Vertical Furnace

Vertical Furnace Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Vertical furnace

Technical features Temperatures 800-1400°C
Application

Sample sintering for the crystal growth using the mirror furnace

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Vertical Furnaces

Vertical Furnaces Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Vertical furnace

Technical features Temperatures to 1350°C
Application

Synthesis using solid state reactions, determination of phase diagrams

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Horizontal Furnace

Horizontal Furnace Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Horizontal furnace

Technical features Temperatures to 1000°C
Application

Synthesis using solid state reactions, determination of phase diagrams

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Horizontal Furnace

Horizontal Furnace Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Horizontal furnace

Technical features Temperatures to 1000°C
Application

Sintering

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Chamber Furnace

Chamber Furnace Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Therm-Aix
Type

Chamber furnace (Ofen 7)

Technical features Temperatures 800 - 1600°C, 12 l chamber
Application

Synthesis using solid state reactions, crystal growth using fluxes

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Chamber Furnace

Chamber Furnace Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Therm-Aix
Type

Chamber furnace (Ofen 8)

Technical features Temperatures 800 - 1700°C, 16 l chamber
Application

Synthesis using solid state reactions, crystal growth using fluxes

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

ACRT Furnace

ACRT Furnace Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

ACRT (Accelerated-Crucible-Rotation-Technique) furnace, water-cooled chamber furnace

Technical features Temperatures to 1500°C, 5,8 l chamber
Application

Synthesis using solid state reactions, crystal growth using fluxes

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

TSSG Furnace

TSSG Furnace Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

TSSG (Top-Seeded-Solution-growth) furnace

Technical features Temperatures to 1200°C
Application

Single-crystal thin films by epitaxial growth from high-temperature solutions

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Piston Cylinder

Piston Cylinder Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Autoclave Engineers Inc.
Type

Piston cylinder

Technical features

Pressure: 5 - 30 kbar

Temperature: to 1500°C

Application

High-temperature high-pressure synthesis

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Glove Box

Glove Box Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Glove box

Technical features Volume 84 l
Application

Handling materials under vacuum or in the inert atmosphere

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Diamond Saw

Diamond Saw Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Well
Type

Diamond saw 3242

Technical features Maximum size of an object 80 mm
Application

Crystal preparation

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Saw with Cutting Liquids

Saw with Cutting Liquids Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Saw with cutting liquids

Technical features Length 70 mm, height 60 mm,
width of cut 0,1 - 0,3 mm
Application

Crystal preparation

Water and other solvents

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Inner Diameter Saw

Inner Diameter Saw Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer PRATECH Berlin
Type

Inner diameter saw Annular 40

Technical features Diameter of hole 75 mm,
cut length 40 mm
Application

Crystal preparation

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

 

Ball Mill

Ball Mill Copyright: IfK
Manufacturer Fritsche
Type

Ball mill

Technical features Agate, steel, and tungsten carbide balls
Application

Sample crushing

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters