Technical Equipment

You will find the equipment of the institute for Characterization and Materials Synthesis with specifications, applications and contact persons.

Instruments for Characterization

Diffractometer D500

Diffractometer D500 IfK
Manufacturer Siemens
Type Diffractometer D500
Technical features CuKα1, focussing primary monochromator, single scintillation detector, typical measurement time: 12 hours
Application Powder diffraction
Contact Dr. Lars Peters

Diffractometer D5000

Diffractometer D5000 IfK
Manufacturer Siemens
Type Diffractometer D5000
Technical features CuKα1,2, Eulerian cradle, xyz-stage, single scintillation detector
Application Texture
Contact Dr. Lars Peters

Diffractometer D8

Diffractometer D8 IfK
Manufacturer Bruker AXS
Type Diffractometer D8 Advance
Technical features CuKα1,2, 9x sample changer for high-throughput, “LynxEye”-semiconductor-strip-detector. Typical measurement time < 60min
Application Powder diffraction
Contact Dr. Lars Peters

Diffractometer PW1050

Diffractometer PW1050 IfK
Manufacturer Philips
Type Diffractometer PW1050 (MOPS)
Technical features CuKα1,2, secondary monochromator, single scintillation detector, typical measurement time: 12 hours
Application Analysis of powder samples, especially with fluorescent phases
Contact Dr. Lars Peters

Diffractometer PW1820

Diffractometer PW1820 IfK
Manufacturer Philips
Type Diffractometer PW1820 (PEAK)
Technical features CuKα1,2, secondary monochromator, single scintillation detector, typical measurement time: 12 hours
Application Analysis of powder samples, especially with fluorescent phases
Contact Dr. Lars Peters

Diffractometer X'Pert Pro

Diffractometer X'Pert Pro IfK
Manufacturer Philips
Type Diffractometer X'Pert Pro (MILIDI)
Technical features CuKα1,2, Ni filter, position sensitive detector with 2 width, Tmin = 8 K, Tmax = 1073 K, typical measurement time: 1 hour
Application Powder diffraction, flat samples and capillaries, high (up to 1070 K) and low temperatures (down to 10 K)
Contact Dr. Lars Peters

Diamond-Anvil Cells

Diamond-Anvil Cell IfK
Manufacturer Hans Ahsbahs (Marburg, Deutschland)
Type

Diamond anvil cells:

(1) modified Merrill-Bassett

(2) modified Boehler-Almax

Technical features P ≤ 10 GPa, T = 298 K
Application High-pressure single-crystal and powder diffraction on the IPDS-I and IPDS-II diffractometers
Contact Dr. Andrzej Grzechnik

Boehler-Almax Diamond-Anvil Cell

Boehler-Almax Diamond-Anvil Cell IfK
Manufacturer Almax Industries bvba (Diksmuide, Belgium)
Type Boehler-Almax diamond anvil cell
Technical features P ≤ 20 GPa, T = 298 K
Application High-pressure single-crystal and powder diffraction on the IPDS-I and IPDS-II diffractometers
Contact Dr. Andrzej Grzechnik

Diffractometer IPDS I

Diffractometer IPDS I IfK
Manufacturer STOE
Type

Diffractometer IPDS I

Technical features One-circle diffractometer, MoKα1,2, image-plate detector, 2θmax = 66,
dmin = 0,92 , Tmin = 8 K, Tmax = 1000 K, high pressure
Application Single-crystal and powder diffraction
Contact

Dr. Andrzej Grzechnik

Diffractometer IPDS II

Diffractometer IPDS II IfK
Manufacturer STOE
Type

Diffractometer IPDS II

Technical features Two-circle diffractometer, MoKα1,2, image-plate detector, 2θmax = 77,
dmin = 0,57 , Tmin = 90 K, Tmax = 323 K, high pressure
Application Single-crystal and powder diffraction
Contact Dr. Andrzej Grzechnik

Diffractometer HEiDi

Diffractometer HEiDi IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Single-crystal diffractometer at the hot source of the FRM II: HEiDi

Technical features

Neutrons with
wave lengths 0,3 < λ < 1,4 ,
sample temperatures 3 K < T < 1100 K

Application Structure analysis, hydrogen bonding, static and dynamic disorder, harmonic and anharmonic thermal displacements, twinning, magnetic structures and ordering, structural and magnetic phase transitions, incommensurate structures
Contact Dr. Martin Meven, MLZ Garching

Diffractometer POLI

Diffractometer POLI IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Single-crystal diffractometer with polarized neutrons POLI

Technical features

Polarized/non-polarized neutrons with
wave lengths 0,55 < λ < 1,15 ,
max. neutron flux > 2107 n/cm2/s,
sample temperatures:
polarized 0,4 K < T < 420 K,
non-polarized 0,05 K < T < 2100 K,
magnetic field 0 - 8 T,
electric field 0 - 10 kV;
spherical neutron polarimetry

Application Crystal structure analysis under extreme conditions: very high/low temperatures, magnetic/electric fields, pressure; phase transitions.
Investigation of complex magnetic structures and domains.
Determination of magnetic form factors, spin densities and local magnetic anisotropies.
Contact Dr. Vladimir Hutanu, MLZ Garching

DTA

DTA IfK
Manufacturer Netzsch
Type

Jupiter STA 449 F3

Technical features TG-DTA/DSC measurements between
100 K and 1500 K
Application

Thermal analysis

Contact

Bernd Liebeck

Laue Camera

Laue Camera IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Laue- camera

Technical features 0,4 - 1 mm beam size, 1600 W
Application

Characterization and orientation of crystals

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

X-ray Topography Camera

X-ray Topography Camera IfK
Manufacturer Rigaku
Type

X-ray topography camera

Technical features X-ray diffraction from a rotating anode generator
Application

Mapping of lattice distortions in single crystals 0,5 -10 cm in diameter and
0,2 - 5 mm in thickness

Contact

Prof. Helmut Klapper

Optical Microscope

Optical Microscope IfK
Manufacturer Nikon
Type

Optical microscope with a hot stage and a camera

Technical features Temperature range 25C – 200C
Application

Sample preparation, optical studies of phase transitions

Contact

Angelika von Berg

Instruments for Materials Synthesis

Air Thermostats

Air Thermostats IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Air thermostats

Technical features Crystal growth from solutions and melts between room temperature and 100C
Application

Ferroelectrics like X(H,D)2PO4, X = K (KDP), Rb, Tl; super-ionic conductors like M3H(SO4)2, M = NH4 +, K+

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Water Thermostats

Water Thermostats IfK
Manufacturer Lauda
Type

Water thermostats

Technical features Crystal growth from solutions and melts between room temperature and 100C
Application

Ferroelectrics like X(H,D)2PO4, X = K (KDP), Rb, Tl; super-ionic conductors like M3H(SO4)2, M = NH4 +, K+

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Optical Floating Zone Furnace

Optical Floating Zone Furnace IfK
Manufacturer Crystal Systems Inc.
Type

Optical floating zone furnace (mirror furnace) FZ-T-10000-H-II-V3

Technical features Containerless zone melting to 2000C, O2 partial pressure
Application

Crystal growth, e.g., superconducting La2-xSrxCuO4+δ; low-dimensional cuprates Ca1-xYx)4Cu5O10; olivine Co2SiO4

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Vertical Furnace

Vertical Furnace IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Vertical furnace

Technical features Temperatures 800-1400C
Application

Sample sintering for the crystal growth using the mirror furnace

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Vertical Furnaces

Vertical Furnaces IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Vertical furnace

Technical features Temperatures to 1350C
Application

Synthesis using solid state reactions, determination of phase diagrams

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Horizontal Furnace

Horizontal Furnace IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Horizontal furnace

Technical features Temperatures to 1000C
Application

Synthesis using solid state reactions, determination of phase diagrams

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Horizontal Furnace

Horizontal Furnace IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Horizontal furnace

Technical features Temperatures to 1000C
Application

Sintering

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Chamber Furnace

Chamber Furnace IfK
Manufacturer Therm-Aix
Type

Chamber furnace (Ofen 7)

Technical features Temperatures 800 - 1600C, 12 l chamber
Application

Synthesis using solid state reactions, crystal growth using fluxes

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Chamber Furnace

Chamber Furnace IfK
Manufacturer Therm-Aix
Type

Chamber furnace (Ofen 8)

Technical features Temperatures 800 - 1700C, 16 l chamber
Application

Synthesis using solid state reactions, crystal growth using fluxes

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

ACRT Furnace

ACRT Furnace IfK
Manufacturer
Type

ACRT (Accelerated-Crucible-Rotation-Technique) furnace, water-cooled chamber furnace

Technical features Temperatures to 1500C, 5,8 l chamber
Application

Synthesis using solid state reactions, crystal growth using fluxes

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

TSSG Furnace

TSSG Furnace IfK
Manufacturer
Type

TSSG (Top-Seeded-Solution-growth) furnace

Technical features Temperatures to 1200C
Application

Single-crystal thin films by epitaxial growth from high-temperature solutions

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Piston Cylinder

Piston Cylinder IfK
Manufacturer Autoclave Engineers Inc.
Type

Piston cylinder

Technical features

Pressure: 5 - 30 kbar

Temperature: to 1500C

Application

High-temperature high-pressure synthesis

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Glove Box

Glove Box IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Glove box

Technical features Volume 84 l
Application

Handling materials under vacuum or in the inert atmosphere

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Diamond Saw

Diamond Saw IfK
Manufacturer Well
Type

Diamond saw 3242

Technical features Maximum size of an object 80 mm
Application

Crystal preparation

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Saw with Cutting Liquids

Saw with Cutting Liquids IfK
Manufacturer
Type

Saw with cutting liquids

Technical features Length 70 mm, height 60 mm,
width of cut 0,1 - 0,3 mm
Application

Crystal preparation

Water and other solvents

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Inner Diameter Saw

Inner Diameter Saw IfK
Manufacturer PRATECH Berlin
Type

Inner diameter saw Annular 40

Technical features Diameter of hole 75 mm,
cut length 40 mm
Application

Crystal preparation

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters

Ball Mill

Ball Mill IfK
Manufacturer Fritsche
Type

Ball mill

Technical features Agate, steel, and tungsten carbide balls
Application

Sample crushing

Contact

Dr. Lars Peters